|Exam Name||:||Check Point Certified Security Expert(R) Plus NGX R65|
|Questions and Answers||:||70 Q & A|
|Updated On||:||January 22, 2018|
|PDF Download Mirror||:||156-515-65 Brain Dump|
|Get Full Version||:||Pass4sure 156-515-65 Full Version|
Run a CPMI Query.
Log when modifications are made.
Query by object name.
Query by table name.
Each module within the NGX kernel contains specific debugging flags. Which of the statements is true concerning kernel-debug flags?
Debugging flags are universal across all modules.
Debug flags cannot be disabled.
Debugging flags can be configured to produce varying levels of information.
Debug flags require an administrator to set them.
Each flag is generic and cannot be modified to produce varying levels of information.
Which of the following explanations best describes the active log file
Additional temporary pointer file
Real log records
Pointers to the beginning of each log record
Pointers to the beginning of each log chain
Pointers to the beginning of each accounting record
If you save the fw monitor output with option, how do you view the output file afterwards?
The output file is ASCII, so you can use your preferred ASCII editor.
WINWORD.EXE or OpenOffice
You create a FTP resource and select the Get check box. Which of the following actions are denied to users, on net-detroit, when using FTP to an external host when the rule action is "accept" and no other permissive ftp rule exists lower in the rule base?
Which type of routing relies on a VPN Tunnel Interface (VTI) to route traffic?
All VPN types
Which of the following is a consequence of using the fw ctl debug all option?
Option is not recommended because it fills the log buffer with likely irrelevant information.
Loads step-by-step firewall data to a user-defined log file.
Provides state information for all ports.
Writes limited amounts of data to the console.
No debug output will be collected since this is an invalid flag.
Which of the following commands is used to read messages in the debug buffer?
fw ctl debug
fw ctl debug uf
fw ctl kdebug
Which of the following processes controls Secure Internal Communications, Policy installation, and shared-management capabilities between Check Point products and OPSEC-partner products?
The fw ctl debug command is used primarily to troubleshoot problems.
Secure Internal Communications (SIC)
Where should you run the cpinfo command in a distributed environment?
Client behind the Security Gateway
SmartCenter Server and Security Gateways only
Security Gateway only
SmartCenter Server only
If fwauth.NDB or fwauth.NDB# are corrupt, what will be the result?
You will not be able to push a policy.
SIC will fail.
You will not be able to authenticate to the SmartDashboard using the cpconfig created Administrator user.
You will not be able to find any users in the SmartDashboard.
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First, I loathe having to put in writing one more story about Pen Hadow and his Catlin Arctic Ice expedition, which I trust the scientific shaggy dog story of 2009. but these opportunistic explorers are once once more getting some press over the “science” records, and of course it is being used to make the average alarmist pronouncements reminiscent of this badly written story within the BBC:
WUWT followed the total activist affair disguised as a science day trip from the start. that you may see all the coverage here. It’s not fairly. once I say this expedition turned into the “scientific funny story of 2009”, I imply it.
On to the good Ten checklist.
properly Ten reasons why the Catlin Arctic Ice Survey records can’t be trusted10.
high profile information and PR from the starting, plus an unrealistic vision of self significance involving the mission. The whole undertaking changed into publicized smartly in increase of the actual expedition, and the mission was “too vital to fail” in response to the January 23rd interview with The Guardian Catlin group chief Pen Hadow noted:
“all the way through this gigantic excursion we will collect the essential statistics that scientists need to more accurately determine when the everlasting floating sea ice will disappear altogether. We can't find the money for to fail on this mission – there is just too an awful lot at stake.”
With pronouncements like that, you also can’t have the funds for no longer to carry home a influence per the theme of the day trip.9.
truth reveal Science as pronounced right here, “The trio could be sending in common diary entries, video clips and images to BBC information during their excursion.” in case you tie science too closely to the media from the beginning, it predetermines some results. That drive is always there to provide the story in place of center of attention on the project. here's why most appropriate science is done well away from the media and the consequences are stated afterwards.eight.
Hadow, by way of his own admission, has an unrealistic and biased hotter view of the Arctic that doesn’t in shape the existing statistics. In his Curriculum Vitae posted right here, he writes:
“Twenty years in the past, you might stroll to the North Pole – now you should swim part of ways there.”
only difficulty is, the satellite information showed a completely distinctive picture of strong ice, and Hadow’s excursion encountered temperatures of -44F (-42C) alongside the way, and the sizeable majority of the travel was below 32F (0C). He didn’t stumble upon colossal leads of water along the manner, and really encountered ice circumstances a ways worse than he expected. This suggests his bias for a warmer commute from the birth.7.
The Catlin crew’s scientific consultant initially of the commute perceived to have alread 156-515-65y got a predetermined effect for the Arctic. during this BBC article and interview they write of Professor Wieslaw Maslowski, a science guide to the survey:
“finally, Professor Maslowski hopes to finesse his forecast for when the first ice-free summer time could arrive.
at the moment, he has it down for 2013 – however with an uncertainty range between 2010 and 2016.”
So if they alread 156-515-65y had this found out from the starting, why make the shuttle in any respect? Is it so the BBC may recycle the headline again today announcing Arctic to be ‘ice-free in summer season’? Why do “science” at first rate own chance when you alread 156-515-65y are bound of the end game? There’s additionally an additional nugget of predisposition knowledge via Catlin’s science advisor Professor Maslowski. read 156-515-65 on.6.
They didn't recommend of principal device failure in a well timed method, inviting suspicion. The ice radar sounding device that turned into designed to do the thickness survey failed miserably, practically from day one, yet in spite of the fact that they have been “sending in regular diary entries, videos and images to BBC information all the way through their expedition,” the world didn’t learn of that failure unless day 44 of the 73 day day trip. When Apollo 13 had an issue, the area knew about it shortly. When Catlin had a problem, it turned into covered up for neatly over a month, yet that didn’t cease the BBC from paraphrasing Apollo 13’s famous words for a headline ‘London, we've an issue’ as if there became some parallel in integrity and timeliness right here.5.
Hadow and his scientific marketing consultant erroneously believed that their expedition become the handiest means ice thickness measurements may be executed, and that they appeared oblivious to other efforts and techniques.
From this BBC article and interview:
“No different tips on ice thickness like this is expected to be made available to the scientific neighborhood in 2009,” defined Arctic ice modeller Professor Wieslaw Maslowski, a science guide to the survey.
whereas this was undoubtedly a selling aspect to sponsors and an ego increase for the group, it was flat wrong. as an example, there’s a bouy community that provides ice thickness data,. Then there’s ICEsat which offers mass and balance measurements, in addition to ice thickness maps, proven below:
ICESat data for Fall 2008, source NASA Scientific Visualization Studio
As said on WUWT, a different records source of Arctic Ice thickness in 2009 came within the form of an aerial survey with a towed radar array from the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine research. They didn’t need to risk lives, create drama, or bleat regular headlines to the BBC whereas doing the science. They without difficulty flew the aircraft over the ice a number of times.
right here’s some excerpts of what turned into reported on WUWT in the story Inconvenient Eisdicken – “marvelous effects” from the Arctic
on the North Pole ice sheet is thicker than anticipated
The “Polar 5″ in Bremerhaven
The research aircraft Polar 5 “ended today in Canada’s fresh Arctic expedition. all the way through the flight, researchers have measured the existing Eisstärke measured on the North Pole, and in areas which have never before been overflown. effect: the ocean-ice within the surveyed areas is interestingly thicker than the researchers had suspected.
always, ice is newly shaped after two years, over two meters thick. “here had been Eisdicken up to four meters,” observed a spokesman of Bremerhaven’s Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine analysis. For scientists, this result is still in contradiction to the warming of the seawater.
Gosh. where’s the polar demise defying drama in that?4.
as a result of the excessive cold situations they have been no longer thoroughly prepared for, they achieved below half of the planned shuttle. at the start it turned into to be a a thousand kilometer trip to the North Pole which in accordance with early interviews given by using Hadow turned into effortlessly achieved, yet they failed. The long-established start element was to be at 81N 130W however they basically all started nearer to the pole by using about one hundred kilometers.
click right here to explore the Catlin Arctic Survey in Google Earth (correct click and save as)
based on the Google Earth KML file supplied through Catlin, they begun at 81.7N 129.7W and ended at eighty five.5N one hundred twenty five.6W for a total distance of approximately 435 kilometers over seventy three days. hardly ever a wide survey of the Arctic Ice when put into standpoint on the Google Earth and ICEsat maps proven below:
here’s the Catlin Arctic Ice Survey Route overlaid on the ICEsat map. you could see simply how little of the ice become basically surveyed.
be aware that the ICEsat photo is from Fall 2008, whereas the Catlin commute become within the Spring of 2009. on account that all of us be aware of sea ice moves, regularly connected to the Beaufort Gyre, it is likely that the direction depicted does not characterize the ice Catlin truly traveled over. the ocean ice may additionally have moved so that the Catlin path traversed some of the thinner ice to the west, even though some thickening of the ice would also be expected right through the winter of 2009. The factor of this map became to position the route in perspective.3.
There’s very little exact records return for 73 days on the ice, simplest 39 datapoints. See the dataset they deliver in the Excel file here:
CAS Snow Ice Measurements – last 2009Final surveying outcomes from the 2009 day trip.
The exact number of holes drilled and measured for ice thickness by means of Pen Hadow is asserted to be within the a whole lot, and what we see in the Excel file is the typical of these many holes at every drilling session. whereas I commend them for proposing the uncooked hole records, issues with talents size bias don’t appear to be neatly addressed in the methodology paper they provide here (PDF) while it's mentioned in the preliminary June file:
“One further consideration, when decoding the ice thickness measurements made by the Catlin Arctic Survey group, may well be navigational bias. usually, the surface of First yr Ice floes are flatterthan that of multi‐12 months ice floes and because the group systematically seeks out flatter ice which is more straightforward to trip over and camp on, there is a possibility that the ice surveyed will not be consultant.”
in view that they make no point out of the talents measurement bias in the ultimate document, it looks that there wasn’t anything however lip provider consideration given to it within the early record, perhaps to appease critics.2.
probably the most popular sea ice researchers in the world, Dr. Walt Meier of NSIDC said he would now not use the Catlin statistics saying in a post right here on WUWT:
“I don’t count on using the Catlin information.”
That begs the query then, beyond using the records for generating information studies like we’ve considered within the BBC and other media outlets, who will? Even the media shops have not noted the genuine statistics Catlin made purchasable, preferring sound bites over records bytes.1.
The Catlin Arctic Ice Survey knowingly presented false records to the general public and to the media of their net presentation.
As many WUWT read 156-515-65ers take into account, it changed into here that it became found that Catlin’s website had bogus telemetry records on it, giving the impact of “reside information from the ice” when really the records repeated in an infinite loop from a short length.
right here’s the story from WUWT
Catlin Arctic Survey web page recycles biotelemetry information?
whatever rather atypical is happening on the Catlin Arctic Survey site at: http://www.catlinarcticsurvey.com/
It appears that they're offering recycled records from the biotelemetry sensors on the crew. The “reside from the ice” biotelemetry statistics for each group member is presented here:
here's a screencap of what the biotelemetry element of that webpage looks like:
A WUWT commenter posted this:
karl heuer (07:40:forty six) :
The “live from the Ice” biotelemetry is basically now not live:
When the information masses,
Pen Hadow core temp begins at 33.25 C anytime the page loads, then increments up to 33.57, 33.64, 33.7, 33.seventy five
anytime, I actually have refreshed, cleared temp info and rebooted — still the equal
WUWT commenter “hotrod” did his personal determine:
I simply tried it looking at Pen Haddow’s pulse cost — Hmmm what are the chances that 32 consecutive pulse fee measurements can be identical?
sure appears like the bio metric data is only white was to make their web page seem to be nifty, and has fully no cost at all — possibly they have alread 156-515-65y got all their ice measurements in the can too?
When called out on the substitute telemetry statistics situation, the Catlin help crew, instead of addressing the issue head on and with transparency, without difficulty changed the net web page for “are living” telemetry to examine “demonstrational”, and it continues to be that manner these days.
here is what it at the beginning confirmed:
Now it says:
Of path they may simply conclusion the farce and remove it. as a result of, neatly, who wants demonstrational biotelemetry anyway?
They also posted this at the backside of the main web page:
We’d want to apologise to anyone who felt misled by means of our contemporary biometric statistics. The facts was at the beginning displayed in error in a method that gave the impression that it become reside. The meant qualification and rationalization that it turned into, really, delayed information, become firstly lacking. we've as a result corrected this with particular suggestions in regards to the above data. We apologise for the error and to anybody who may also have found the information deceptive.
The precise question is: how lengthy would they have got let that “reside” impact go on had WUWT now not known as them on it? in the beginning the URL for the “biotelemetry” was
Now that URL if typed in your browser is automatically redirected to:
So with the words “telemetry” and “live_from_the_ice.aspx” it is apparent what the long-established intent was. The apology is about saving face, nothing else.So the question to read 156-515-65ers and media is: with these styles of issues listed above, do you basically want to have faith the data from a bunch of individuals that perform and present “science” during this method? in case you do, it might appear to me that you are inserting kind over substance. despite the fact that we didn’t have these believe concerns, are 39 datapoints over a short part of the Arctic in fact that advantageous given the different tools proven to be on the disposal of real science?
The Catlin Arctic Ice Survey is for my part, nothing more than a badly accomplished public relations stunt coated with the thinnest veneer of tried science.
replace: On the morning of 10/15 I fixed a couple of half dozen typographical and grammatical blunders within the essay. h/t to Harold Ambler and others for the guidance on these. This blanketed changing the outline to “opportunistic explorers” within the first paragraph as looking back I felt my normal description of changed into too harsh, due to the fact that despite the shortcomings, omissions, and PR fluff, these individuals did a actual feat that few may do. My conclusion above is still unchanged by means of that reality although. – Anthony
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